Rastrapati Chure Conservation Program which has implemented from department of forest (26  district) and department of soil and watershed conservation (26 district)  as well as regional forest offices.

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 Rastrapati Chure Conservation Program Coordination Unit has established for coordinating the Rastrapati Chure Conservation Program which has implemented from department of forest (26  district) and...

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Welcome Rastrapati Chure Conservation Program Coordination Unit

The Churia range (also called Siwaliks) rises steeply from the Terai plains along the whole of its northern border. It is extended as a contiguous landscape from east to west in 33 districts. This is the first and lowest ridges of the Himalayan mountain system. These are a series of low hogback ridges, in a sinuous pattern that cross the length of Nepal. Churia is bordered by the Mahabharat range in the north and by the Terai in the south. In the west, the Churia range is separated from the Mahabharat range by valleys known as duns or inner Terai. In some places, the Churia range itself is divided into two ranges with a dun between them. It makes up about 13% of the country. The elevation ranges from 120meter to nearly 2,000 meter.  This zone has 26% of the natural forest of Nepal. Of these forests, 3% is conifers (all Chir pine), 83% hardwoods, in almost equal amount of Sal forest and tropical mixed forest, and 14% mixed Chirpine and hardwoods.The Churia hills are young and composed of unconsolidated loose materials originated from soft rocks such as mudstone, sandstone, silt stone, shale. Soils are mostly formed on sedimentary rocks with shallow and coarse textured soils. Steep slopes and weakly consolidation of different layers is prone to severe surface erosion. Rock outcrops and gullies are common. Because of intense rainfall during monsoon, steep slopes and high erosion, vulnerability of soils, gullies and degraded lands are quite common in areas that are devoid of vegetative cover. 

Churia region is important from ecological, social, economic and political perspective of Nepal. Spread from the east to the west and covering some 13% of total area of the country, Churia, together with the Bhabar and Terai regions absorb approximately 60% of the country’s total population. Churia and Bhavar both serving as the water reserve for Terai region (the grain-basket of Nepal), are critical for both national economy and integrity. With nearly 60% of the Churia under forest cover and rich in biodiversity, it is alarming that the region is considered vulnerable to natural disasters such as landslides, erosions, and flood and climate change impacts. Vulnerability of already fragile ecosystem is further aggravated by numerous anthropogenic interventions such as settlement through encroachment, clearing of forests for cultivation, over exploitation of timber and other forest products through illegal logging, uncontrolled grazing of livestock, excavation and extraction of sand and gravel - thereby rapidly changing the face of the region.  Per the estimates, 6.5 million cubic metre of gravel, stones and sands are legally extracted every year from the region and the illegal extractions are expected to be twice as much. One of the major drivers of negative human impact is accelerated migration into the forested areas of Churia region. Annual deforestation rates are estimated to be 1.7% in the Churia region. Additionally, the level of awareness about the environmental degradation and causal effect of the human induced and natural disasters is low among the local communities of the Churia region. Many people make livelihood from the churia forest without noticeable attention towards its sustainability. Because of its great social and ecological significance, Government of Nepal has emphasized for its conservation since 1970 (Fourth Five Years Plan) and started Rastrapati Chure Conservation Programme with NRs 250 million year marked budget from the fiscal year 067/068. Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation is leading and implementing this programme in 27 districts through its departments i.e. Department of Forests and Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management.